【托福写作提分】实例讲解 托福写作中如何做到精准用词

吉林体育彩票十一选五 www.p4bt.net 在托福写作评分的细节上,用词精准也是一个非常重要的环节。想要真正做到“用词确切、得体”,真的不是那么容易的。因为,“词”实在是太宽泛了,难免挂一漏万,而且还涉及到不同文化和不同语言之间的切换,因此就更让人感叹于难免顾此失彼。那么,在托福写作过程中,我们的词汇选用究竟应该注意到哪些环节呢?

【托福写作提分】实例讲解 托福写作中如何做到精准用词图1

当说到用词的时候,其实我们各位考友完全可以看看自己的文章里是否是如下的一些词特别多:give, have, get, make,
let,use。当这些词特别多的时候,在大多数情况下,你就是用词非常不准确的那一群人了。

比如说have这个词来说,含义就非常的宽泛,既有“有”的意思,也有“使得”的意思,这样,当我们用到一句话之中的时候,这个含义就不会非常的确定。当然,只有这么说感觉并不明显,反过来,如果在比较一下相对地道的英语,我们就会发现,在英语之中,“有”这个概念,往往是用“with”或者“in”这些词来进行表达的,当然由于词性的不同,句子的结构也往往是完全不同的。

再比如Although it is difficult to exactly predict how they will impact our life
in the future, the one thing I am quite sure that they will keep improved the
quality of our life in the more significant ways than the
past.刨除掉语法的问题,我们仍然会发现the one thing I am quite sure that就显得十分的突兀,因为I am quite
sure是典型的口语化的表达方式,不适合用在书面语之中因此我们就可以改为there would be a inevitable result that they
will,这里面显然inevitable这个词,就用的十分的准确,因为inevitable本身就表示“不可避免的”,一下就把“I am quite
sure”这里的那一层“必然的”这个含义给挖掘出来了,这就是用词的”用词确切、得体”。

【托福写作提分】实例讲解 托福写作中如何做到精准用词图2

再比如说,我们平时很喜欢的“use”这个词,这个词本身并没有错,但是思考一下,我们就会发现,其实我们平时所说的“用……”这层概念,其实想表达的意思应该是“用.A.做…..”这样表述才比较准确。

但是其实在英语里,这里的表达方式就应该是“A起到了XXX作用”这个表达方式,因此比较好的表达方式应该是A play a XX role in
XX。这样的表达方式,才是”用词确切、得体”。

看到这里,其实各位考友也应该意识到了阅读与托福作文的巨大的联系,只有先知道这些表达方式才能慢慢的熟悉这些表达方式,进而试着去使用这些表达方式,以及最后熟练应用这些表达方式。这是一个相辅相成的过程。

【出品】雅思阅读机经真题解析- Nobel

小站独家,雅思阅读机经真题解析。一切患有雅思阅读刷题强迫症的烤鸭,请看这里。小站精心整理了一批雅思阅读机经真题。如果你的剑桥雅思阅读已是烂熟于心,那么这一系列的雅思阅读机经真题真的很适合你,搭配上绝对原创的讲解,还有全文的中文翻译,这等阅读大餐,还等什么!

Alfred Nobel

The man behind the Nobel Prize

A Since 1901, the Nobel Prize has been honoring men and women from all comers
of the globe for outstanding achievements in physics, chemistry, medicine,
literature, and for work in peace. The foundations for the prize were laid in
1895 when Alfred Nobel wrote his lost will, leaving much of his wealth to the
establishment of the Nobel Prize.

B Alfred Nobel was born in Stockholm on October 21. 1833. His father Immanuel
Nobel was an engineer and inventor who built bridges and buildings in Stockholm.
In connection with his construction work Immanuel Nobel also experimented with
different techniques for blasting rocks. Successful in his industrial and
business ventures, Immanuel Nobel was able, in 1842, to bring his family to St.
Petersburg. There, his sons were given a first class education by private
teachers. The training included natural sciences, languages and literature. By
the age of 17 Alfred Nobel was fluent in Swedish, Russian, French, English and
German. His primary interests were in English literature and poetry as well as
in chemistry and physics. Alfred’s father, who wanted his sons to join his
enterprise as engineers, disliked Alfred’s interest in poetry and found his son
rather introverted.

C In order to widen Alfred’s horizons his father sent him abroad for further
training in chemical engineering. During a two year period Alfred Nobel visited
Sweden, Germany. France and the United States. In Paris, the city he came to
like best, he worked in the private laboratory of Professor T. J. Pelouze, a
famous chemist. There he met the young Italian chemist Ascanio Sobrero who,
three years earlier, had invented nitroglycerine, a highly explosive liquid. But
it was considered too dangerous to be of any practical use. Although its
explosive power greatly exceeded that of gunpowder, the liquid would explode in
a very unpredictable manner if subjected to heat and pressure. Alfred Nobel
became very interested in nitroglycerine and how it could be put to practical
use in construction work. He also realized that the safety problems had to be
solved and a method had to be developed for the controlled detonation of
nitroglycerine.

D After his return to Sweden in 1863, Alfred Nobel concentrated on developing
nitroglycerine as an explosive. Several explosions, including one (1864) in
which his brother Kmil and several other persons were killed, convinced the
authorities that nitroglycerine production was exceedingly dangerous. They
forbade further experimentation with nitroglycerine within the Stockholm city
limits and Alfred Nobel had to move his experimentation to a barge anchored on
Lake Malaren. Alfred was not discouraged and in 1864 he was able to start mass
production of nitroglycerine. To make the handling of nitroglycerine safer
Alfred Nobel experimented with different additives. He soon found that mixing
nitroglycerine with kieselguhr would turn the liquid into a paste which could be
shaped into rods of a size and form suitable for insertion into drilling holes.
In 1867 he patented this material under die name of dynamite. To be able to
detonate the dynamite rods he also invented a detonator (blasting cap) which
could be ignited by lighting a fuse. These inventions were made at the same time
as the pneumatic drill came into general use. Together these inventions
drastically reduced the cost of blasting rock, drilling tunnels, building canals
and many other forms of construction work.

E The market for dynamite and detonating caps grew very rapidly and Alfred
Nobel also proved himself to be a very skillful entrepreneur and
businessman.Over the years he founded factories and laboratories in some 90
different places in more than 20 countries. Although he lived in Paris much of
his life he was constantly traveling. When he was not traveling or engaging in
business activities Nobel himself worked intensively in his various
laboratories, first in Stockholm and later in other places. He focused on the
development of explosives technology as well as other chemical inventions,
including such materials as synthetic rubber and leather, artificial silk, etc.
By the time of his death in 18% he had 355 patents.

F Intensive work and travel did not leave much time for a private life. At
the age of 43 he was feeling like an old man. At this time he advertised in a
newspaper”Wealthy, highly-educated elder gentleman seeks lady of mature age,
versed in languages, as secretary and supervisor of household.” The most
qualified applicant turned out to be an Austrian woman. Countess Bertha Kinsky.
After working a very short time for Nobel she decided to return to Austria to
marry Count Arthur von Suttner. In spite of this Alfred Nobel and Bertha von
Suttner remained friends and kept writing letters to each other for decades.
Over the years Bertha von Suttner became increasingly critical of the arms race.
She wrote a famous book, Lay Down Your Arms and became a prominent figure in the
peace movement. No doubt this influenced Alfred Nobel when he wrote his final
will which was to include a Prize for persons or organizations who promote
peace. Several years after the death of Alfred Nobel, the Norwegian Storting
(Parliament) decided to award the 1905 Nobel Peace Prize to Bertha von
Suttner.

G Alfred Nobel died in San Remo, Italy, on December 10, 1896. When his will
was opened it came as a surprise that his fortune was to be used for Prizes in
Physics, Chemistry. Physiology or Medicine, Literature and Peace. The executors
of his will were two young engineers, Ragnar Sohlman and Rudolf Lilljequist.
They set about forming the Nobel Foundation as an organization to take care of
the financial assets left by Nobel for this purpose and to coordinate the work
of the Prize-Awarding Institutions. This was not without its difficulties since
the will was contested by relatives and questioned by authorities in various
countries.

H Alfred Nobel’s greatness lay in his ability to combine the penetrating mind
of the scientist and inventor with the forward-looking dynamism of the
industrialist. Nobel was very interested in social and peace-related issues and
held what were considered radical views in his era. He had a great interest in
literature and wrote his own poetry and dramatic works. The Nobel Prizes became
an extension d a fulfillment of his lifetime interests.

Questions
1-6

Do
the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage
1?

In
boxes 1-6 on your answer sheet, write

TRUE if the statement is
true

FALSE if
the statement is false

NOT
GIVEN
if
the information is not given in the passage

1     The first Nobel Prize was awarded in
1895.

2     Nobel’s father wanted his son to have
better education than what he had had.

3     Nobel was an unsuccessful
businessman.

4 Bertha von Suttner was selected by
Nobel himself for the first peace prize.

5     The Nobel Foundation was established after
the death of Nobel

6     Nobel’s social involvement was uncommon in
the 1800’s.

Questions
7-13

Complete the notes
below using NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS from the passage.

Write your answers
in boxes 7-13 on your answer sheet.

Table 1

Education:

Having accumulated
a great fortune in his business, Nobel’s father determined to give his son the
best education and sent him abroad to be trained in 7 During Nobel’s study in Paris, he
worked in a private laboratory, where he came in contact with a young Scientist
(engineer) 8 and his invention
nitroglycerine, a more powerful explosive than 9

Table
2

Benefits in
construction works:

Nobel became
really interested in this new explosive and experimented on it. But
nitroglycerine was too dangerous and was banned for experiments within the city
of 10 So Nobel had to move his experiments to a
lake. To make nitroglycerine easily usable, Nobel invented dynamite along with 11 while in the meantime 12 became popular, all of which dramatically lowered the 13 of construction
works.


文章题目:Alfred
Nobel

The man behind the Nobel Prize

篇章结构

体裁

人物传记

题目

阿尔弗雷德—诺贝尔奖背后的人

结构

(一句话概括每段大意)

A段:诺奖的介绍及诺贝尔对诺奖的贡献

B段:诺贝尔的家庭介绍和童年经历

C段:诺贝尔对炸药消化甘油产生兴趣

D段:诺贝尔安全炸药的发明及其应用

E段:诺贝尔的生活状态和他的发明成果

F段:诺贝尔设立和平奖的缘由

G段:诺贝尔遗产的分配和诺奖的成立

H段:对诺贝尔生平成就的评价

试题分析

题目类型:

题号

定位词

文中对应点

题目解析

1

The first Nobel Prize

A段第一句和第二句

A段首先简单介绍诺贝尔奖,自1901年开始已被颁发给在各领域作出杰出贡献的人;紧接着第二句话提及诺奖的设立时间The foundations for the prize were laid in 1895,由此推断诺贝尔奖是1895年设立并且1901年为第一次颁奖时间

因此本体题干与原文描述不符,填False

2

father

better
education

B段全段及C段第一句

B段介绍诺贝尔父亲是一位成功的商人,以及对孩子教育的重视,并未说到父亲的教育状况;而后本段第八句提到“Alfreds father, who
wanted his sons to join his enterprise as engineers
”,以及C段第一句In order to widen Alfreds horizons his
father sent him abroad for further training in chemical engineering
结合两句话可知诺贝尔父亲的目的是希望孩子成为工程师并帮助诺贝尔拓宽视野,但都未谈及wanted his son to have better education than what he had had这一层意思;

因此本体题干表述在原文段落中未提及,填Not Given

3

unsuccessful
businessman

E段第一句

E段开头The market for dynamite and detonating caps grew very rapidly and
Alfred Nobel also proved himself to be a very skillful entrepreneur and
businessman
即点明炸药和雷管在市场的快速运用证明他是一位成功的商人和企业家;

因此本体题干与原文描述相符,填True

4

Bertha
yon Suttner

by
Nobel himself

F段的最后一句

F段最后一句说到Bertha yon Suttner的获奖情况

Several years after the death of Alfred Nobel, the Norwegian
Storting (Parliament) decided to award the 1905 Nobel Peace Prize to Bertha
von Suttner.
Bertha yon Suttner由此可知Bertha yon Suttner

的和平奖由挪威议会颁发给她的;

因此本体题干与原文描述不相符,填False

5

Nobel
Foundation;

after
the death

G段第四句

G段第四句出现题干的关键词Nobel Foundation,并且这句话解释了它设立的目的是take
care of the financial assets left by Nobel for this purpose
,也就是说管理Nobel的遗产,因此可断定The Nobel
Foundation was established after the death of Nobel;

因此本体题干与原文描述相符,填True

6

social
involvement

uncommon

H段第二句和第四句

文章H段谈到诺贝尔的生平成就,其中第二句说到Nobel was very interested in social and peace-related issues and
held what were considered radical views in his era.
诺贝尔对社会和平相关问题持有在那个年代被视为激进的想法以及最后一句“The Nobel Prizes became an extension d a fulfillment of his
lifetime interests
”点明其接触贡献所在,说明诺贝尔的成就在当时是非比寻常的;

因此本体题干与原文描述相符,填True

7

sent him abroad

trained

C段第一句

题干说到Nobels father, sent him abroad,根据这两组关键词判断描述的是父亲送诺贝尔出国留学的内容,对应C段内容,且table7个空前面的词trained in说明需要补充的是深造科目,根据C段第一句 for further training in chemical engineering,因此筛选出来的gap filling应该是chemical
engineering.

8

a
young Scientist

C段第四句

题干的意思是说诺贝尔在巴黎学习期间结识一位年轻科学家,table8个空需要填入这位young scientist的名字或相关信息;而C段第四句提到the young Italian chemist Ascanio Sobrero 与题干的关键提示词吻合,因此此处gap filling填入 Ascanio Sobrero.

9

Nitroglycerine;more powerful

C段第五句

题干中提到Nitroglycerine,并用一个同位语a more
powerful explosive than
来修饰,“比更具威力”,原文C段第五句“Although its explosive power greatly exceeded that of gunpowder,exceed(超过),that指代explosive power,Nitroglycerine的威力与一般火药进行比较,因此此处gap filling填入gunpowder.

10

banned

the
city

D段第三句

题干中But nitroglycerine was too dangerous and was banned for
experiments within the city of…”
可知这句话填入的是禁止进行nitroglycerine实验的城市名字;而D段第三句”They forbade further experimentation with nitroglycerine within
the Stockholm city”
有四个关键词:forbade,experimentation,nitroglycerinecity是吻合的,因此此处gap filling填入城市名Stockholm.

11

Dynamite

along
with

D段倒数第三句

题干中总结的是与dynamite及另一项发明物;D段倒数第四句开始提及dynamite,紧接着倒数第三句”To be able
to detonate the dynamite rods he also invented a detonator” “also”
一词与题干along with语义一致,因此此处 gap
filling
填入detonator.

12

in
the meantime

popular

D段倒数第二句

题干while in the meantimepopular两个关键词提示此处填入的是与dynamitedetonator同时普遍使用的一种发明;结合D段倒数第二句 These inventions were made at the same time as the pneumatic drill came into
general use.
at the same time,came into general use恰好解释了题干的关键词,因此此处gap filling填入pneumatic drill.

13

Which

lower

construction
works

D段最后一句

Dwhichconstruction works两个关键词提示此句总结的是dynamite等发明对construction的影响;结合D段最后一句 “Together these inventions drastically reduced the cost
of… and many other construction work.”reduce
,construction work与题干关键信息吻合,因此此处gap
filling
填入cost。

A

1901年,全球各地在物理、化学、民学、文学及和平领域作出重大贡献的人们就开始被授予诺贝尔奖。阿尔弗德·诺贝尔在1895年写下最后的一份遗嘱时,将大量的遗产留作创建诺贝尔奖,为诺贝尔奖奠定了基础。

B

阿尔弗雷德·诺贝尔于18331021日出生于斯德哥尔摩。他的父亲伊曼纽尔·诺贝尔是位工程师兼发明家,在斯德哥尔摩建造桥梁和建筑。在建筑工程中,伊曼纽尔诺贝尔也试验过用不同的技术爆破岩石。由于在工业和企业经营上的成功,伊曼纽尔诺贝尔于1842年带着全家人来到圣彼得堡。 在那里,他雇请私人教师对他的孩子进行一流的教育。上课内容包括自然科学、语言和文学。到17岁时,阿尔弗雷德·诺贝尔己经能讲流利的瑞典语、俄语、法语、英语和德语了。他主要的兴趣是英国文学和诗歌以及化学和物理。诺贝尔的父亲希望他的儿子们能成为工程师,继承他的事业,所以他对诺贝尔爱好诗歌这一点感到很不悦,而且他发现诺贝尔相当内向。

C

为了扩大儿子的视野,老诺贝尔送儿子出国深造化学工程。诺贝尔在两年里访问了瑞典、德国、法国和美国。他最喜欢巴黎,在那里,
他在著名的化学家T.J.佩卢兹教授的私人实验室工作。同样在那里,他认识了年轻的意大利化学家阿斯卡尼奥·索布雷罗。索布雷罗在三年前发明了爆炸能力极强的炸药一一硝化甘油。不过由于危险太大,当时没有考虑将它投入实际应用。虽然硝化甘油的爆炸力远远超过火药,但这种液体炸药在一定温度和压力的作用下会以难以预测的方式发生爆炸。诺贝尔对硝化甘油以及如何将它投入建筑工程的实际运用产生了浓厚的兴趣。他也意识到需要解决安全问题,以及如何控制硝化甘油的爆破。

D

18634返瑞典后,诺贝尔开始专注于制造硝化甘油炸药。经历几次爆炸事故(包括1864年那次事故,他的弟弟埃米尔和其他几个人被炸死)后,当局认定硝化甘油产品极度危险,于是明令禁止在斯德哥尔摩进行硝化甘油试验。诺贝尔只好把他的实验搬到梅拉伦湖的一只船上进行。诺贝尔并没有因此气馁,并于1864年开始大规模生产硝化甘油。为了使硝化甘油的使用更加安全,诺贝尔用了不同的添加剂进行试验。不久后,诺贝尔发现硝化甘油可被硅藻土吸附,变成浆糊,然后可以塑造成大小合适的棒体,描进钻孔里。1867年,他将发明的炸药命名为达那马特(又称安全炸药)并取得专利。为了引爆这种炸药,他还发明了用导火线点燃的雷管引爆装罝。诺贝尔的这些发明问世时,恰逢风钻在大规模地被使用。这些装罝的结合大大地减少了爆破岩石、开凿隧道、挖掘河道以及其他许多建筑工程的成本。

E

诺贝尔发明的炸药和雷管的市场发展迅速,而这也证明了他是一个非常成功的企业家和商人。多年来,诺贝尔在20多个国家约90个不同的地方建立了工厂和实验室。尽管定居巴黎,但是他大部分的时间都在各地奔波。如果不是在外奔波或为商业活动应酬,诺贝尔就会在他的各个实验室(先是在斯德哥尔摩的,后来在其他地方)忙碌工作。他专注于改良爆炸技术以及其他化学发明,包括合成橡胶和皮革、人造丝等物质。到1896年诺贝尔逝世时,他已获得355项专利。

F

紧张的工作和出行使得他没有多少私人时间,到43岁时,诺贝尔觉得自己就像是个老人。于是他在报纸上刊登了一则广告,称一个富有的、受过良好教育的老绅士寻找一位成熟女士,她要能担当秘书和管家,且有语言天赋。结果,最合格的应聘者是奥地利的女伯爵贝莎·金斯基。在为诺贝尔工作了很短的一段时间后,她决定返回奥地利,与阿瑟·冯·苏特纳伯爵结婚。尽管如此,诺贝尔和贝莎·冯·苏特纳仍保持朋友关系,且在此后的几十年里互有通信。多年来,贝莎·冯·苏特纳越发猛烈地批评军备竞赛。她写了一本名著《放下你的武器》,还成为了和平运动的一个杰出人物。这无疑对诺贝尔产生了影响。在他的最后一份遗嘱里,诺贝尔增设了和平奖,以奖励那些促进和平的个人或团体。在诺贝尔去世的几年后,挪威议会决定把1905年的诺贝尔和平奖授予贝莎·冯·苏特纳。

G

诺贝尔于18961210日在意大利的圣雷莫去世。当打开他的遗嘱时,人们大吃一惊,他们没有想到诺贝尔会把大量遗产留作表彰那些在物理、化学、生理学或医学、文学和和平方面做出重大贡献的人。诺贝尔的遗嘱执行人是两位年轻的工程师,他们分别是拉格纳,索尔曼和鲁道夫·利耶查李维斯特。他们着手成立诺贝尔基金会,来管理诺贝尔留下的金融资产,并协助颁奖机构的工作。当然,由于这份遗嘱受到诺贝尔亲戚的异议以及各国当局的质疑,他们开展的工作还是遇到了困难。

H

诺贝尔的伟大之处在于他综合了科学家、发明家的睿智和实业家的高瞻远瞩。同时,他对社会及与和平相关的问题非常感兴趣,并持有在他那个时代被认为是激进的想法。此外,诺贝尔十分爱好文学,还创作了自己的诗歌和戏剧作品??梢运?span class="oeq">,诺贝尔奖是他毕生各种兴趣的延伸和实现。

参考答案:

Version  21121 主题 艾费雷德·诺贝尔

1

FALSE

2

NOT
GIVEN

3

FALSE

4

FALSE

5

TRUE

6

TRUE

7

chemical
engineering

8

Ascanio
Sobrero

9

gunpowder

10

Stockholm

11

detonator

12

pneumatic
drill

13

cost

【托福听力必备资料】托福听力常见场景讲解——实验室

小站在这里给广大考生加油鼓劲啦!为了托福,大家都是蛮拼的啊,在这里,小站将为大家介绍托福听力常见场景的讲解,本次要讲的是实验室场景,当然先附上一段听力技巧供大家学习参考!

【托福听力必备资料】托福听力常见场景讲解——实验室图1

考试小技巧

1)打开磁带听Direction,在这一时间里,考试中心不让你看选项。

2)当Direction叫你turn the page时,快速看题目的四个选项。你可能只有1至2秒的时间,但尽量搜索那些在4个选项中重复出现的词,诸如名字,地点等等。这将在你听到这些词的时候对你有所帮助,你甚至可能通过这些反复出现的名词和动词猜出对话的主题。

3)当对话开始的时候,立即停止看题,集中精神听题。

4)当问题问完以后,再读一边四个选项,选出你的答案。如果你无法马上做出答案。尽量排除一些选项。然后从剩下的选项中选一个。

5)快速仔细的涂答题纸。马上回到第2步,看下一题的四个选项。

下面就给大家讲讲实验室场景应该注意哪些吧~

场景特点:有些课是在实验室上的,就会涉及到实验室专门的词汇和专业内容背景。

常见套路:

1)实验室课程的专门用语

2)实验室设备的专门用语

【托福听力必备资料】托福听力常见场景讲解——实验室图2

场景词汇:

Laboratory

research procedure

lab assistant

retrieve information

track the course

monitor

track the progress

Lab instructor

lab experience

setup

equipment

result

grade

lab notebook

proper precautions

protective goggles

toxic effect of chemicals

lab procedure

heavy metal

Workbook

material

experiment

available

【改错精选120练】GMAT官方讲解SC难点实例分析(六十六练)

GMAT句子改错题(sentence
correction),是整个GMAT考试中对考生英语语法能力考查要求最高的题型,也往往是中国学生最为头疼的一类题目。没有扎实的语法基础和一定的逻辑分析能力,想要做好句子改错题难度极高。如何提升GMAT句子改错题的解题能力?下面小编就为大家整理了一些经典例题,结合实例分析为大家讲解GMAT句子改错题的解题思路和方法技巧。

【改错精选120练】GMAT官方讲解SC难点实例分析(六十六练)图1

实例题目:

In a plan to stop the erosion of East Coast beaches, the Army Corps of
Engineers proposed building parallel to shore a breakwater of rocks that would
rise six feet above the waterline and act as a buffer, so that it absorbs the
energy of crashing waves and protecting the beaches.

(A) act as a buffer, so that it absorbs

(B) act like a buffer so as to absorb

(C) act as a buffer, absorbing

(D) acting as a buffer, absorbing

(E) acting like a buffer, absorb

【改错精选120练】GMAT官方讲解SC难点实例分析(六十六练)图2

选项分析:

(A)act as a buffer, so that it absorbs

【错误】 平行结构:?!癷t absorbs”和“protecting”之间有“and”,但语法功能不一致,无法平行。

(B)act like a buffer so as to absorb

【错误1】 固定搭配:“act as”意为“起到……的作用”,而“act like”意为“表现的像”,表意不合理,因此本选项误用了固定搭配。

【错误2】 平行结构:见(A)。

(C)act as a buffer, absorbing

【正确】 “act as a buffer”和“rise six feet above the
waterline”用“and”平行,“absorbing”和“protecting”用“and”平行,两个平行均合理正确。

【大意】 在一项阻止东海岸水土流失的计划中,工程师部队提出构建一道岩石防波堤,这倒防波堤高处海绵6英尺并起到缓冲作用,吸收波涛的能量并?;ずL?。

(D)acting as a buffer, absorbing

【错误】 平行结构: “acting”本意上和题干中的“rise”平行,但两者语法功能不一致,因此无法用“and”平行。

(E)acting like a buffer, absorb

【错误】 平行结构: 见(A)和(D)。

解题思路:

为了表达合理含义,“act”要和划线部分之前的“rise”平行,“absorbing”要和划线部分之后的“protecting”平行,因此只能选择(C)。

【高分经验】托福大牛经验谈 118分的成功之路

首战T330刚刚查的分数,118(R30,L30,S28,W30),自己都没有想到呀。

首先要感谢爸爸妈妈,一直给我支持,每天听我抱怨,给我鼓励,给我建议。

我正式准备T的时间是从3月10号晚上到3月30号早上(共20天),每天大概6个小时吧(之前二战g的时候从开学正式脱产准备翘了两周的课,太伤了)?;八?号那天早上二战完G(V159,Q163,AW3.5)分数还没有去年10月首战G的分数高(V160,Q166,AW3.5),相当沮丧呀,可能是春节过得太开心了把,坐在湖大的马路边哭了2个小时,又颓废了一个下午——暴饮暴食外加放肆看了3集BONES,发现越颓废越沮丧,索性上网下了一堆资料,然后从OG看起,逐渐把心情调整过来了,然后晚上开始正式进入复习。

【高分经验】托福大牛经验谈 118分的成功之路图1

lz的英语基础比较好,小时候把LION KING,INDEPENDENCE DAY这些经典电影看了少说也有20遍,然后到了初中的时候在爸爸妈妈的教导下熟读(没有背)NEW CONCEPT,高中的时候跟读VOA常速,然后把HARRY POTTER,TWILIGHT的有声书听了三四遍——不是为了练听力,是真心的喜欢听故事呀,除此之外还听了很多别的小说。大学的时候就开始听小说以外的有声书了,比如说TTC出品的HISTORY OF SCIENCE之类的(电驴下的),还看了大量美剧,强推HOW I MET YOUR MOTHER.这个过程给我打下了坚实的听力和口语基础——嘻嘻,对自己的语音语调还是颇有自信的。

然后下面分别分享一下各个part的经验体会

1.Reading

lz因为一直都是听有声书,所以和大多数人不同,在准备的过程中我觉得reading是四项里面最难的,做tpo的时候最高有错到一套6个的时候,我甚至都觉得自己有阅读障碍了。虽然和g的文章比t的是好理解许多,而且时间也相对充裕,但是t的阅读我也不能瞬间秒杀的。我认认真真的分析了将近20篇阅读——不管对错,方法基本是按照《爱一个美女很难》,然后每天做至少一套tpo,考试之前把og和24套tpo都做过了。

考试的时候有点紧张,但是觉得考试的界面比tpo的更人性化——无老师tpo上面的文章有好多typo,非常影响阅读理解,直到29号我做tpo的时候还错了3个——原因是无老师tpo上面的阅读原文中少了两行?;褂芯褪俏易龅降谌亩恋氖焙蛴腥艘丫甲隹谟锪?,有点影响,还好最后一篇阅读比前两篇容易很多

2.Listening

这个我自认为是我最强的一项。所以tpo也只做了5套

然后我是主张记笔记的,而且我的笔记非常详细——我恨不得把所有detail都记下来。我觉得这样的好处是防止我走神。虽然说t的听力不会像四六级高考那样考诸如‘某人的电话号码是什么’的细节,但是与主题密切相关的细节还是会考的,而且对于细节理解得越透彻,对主题的认识也就越透彻。所以虽然我做题的时候也许一眼都没有看我的笔记,但是it indeed helps a lot.

3.Speaking

感觉自己的语音语调还是不错的,但是这一项我也感觉很没底——因为光有语音语调还是不够的——听听OG上的范例就知道,有些人虽然有口音,但是他们能够在规定的时间内把内容表达完整。这个是我花时间第二多的一项。

前两题我是把所有机经——小马、康老师、竹子之类之类能找到的自己总结出了大概90题,再加上黄金80题,每天都说个20到30题,最后两天每天说两个小时,基本上就能够在指定的时间内表达完自己想要表达的内容了——我都是一个主论点,两个分论点,然后每个分论点在用一两句话的具体例子支撑,时间还多就加个结尾。不过这么搞有个坏处,就是考试的时候两个题目我都练过——太熟悉了,导致语速有点快。

【高分经验】托福大牛经验谈 118分的成功之路图2

三四题我觉得相对较难,因为我觉得我有阅读障碍;最后两题纯听力的我觉得容易一些。不过我一开始的问题是我觉得信息量太大,时间太少,我总是不能把内容说完。后来我发现诀窍在于不管是阅读的时候还是听的时候,都不要记录太多内容,细节什么的通通不要记,只记主旨,然后会发现在具体说的时候发现笔记就非常有参考价值。

4. Writing

从我两次g悲剧的aw3.5可以看出我的writing水平是多么的菜——而且我第二次还把主要精力都投入到了aw的练习——事实证明我还没有领悟到aw的精髓。大家看我的帖子也可以发现我有时候写东西有点啰嗦,有点乱···

不过话说回来,练过aw之后觉得t的作文还是相当好上手的。

Integrated我是按照gter前人的经验,尽量把听力上面的内容复述,写了好像有400多个字吧;

Independent我觉得比issue最容易的地方是它不涉及太深奥的逻辑以及太深刻的话题,Independent大部分内容都是跟自己的生活密切相关,只要有观点有例子就可以了。我考试的时候是五段式,大概600多个字吧。

雅思写作7分范文:solutions of family relationship

  这篇雅思7分作文范文的题目是随着离婚率在全世界范围内的上升,更多的家庭都破碎了。所以很多人都认为现在的家庭关系不如以前亲密了。讨论一下这个问题,并且些给出解决的办法。

  With divorce rates and family breakdowns increasing globally,

  it is generally accepted that families today are not as close as

  they used to be.Discuss the causes of this problem and offer some

  possible solutions to it.

  It seems today families are becoming increasingly unstable and

  members in it are more alienated then before, due to the upgoing

  divorce rates and the transformation of the society. In this essay,

  I will try to give some possible causes of this trends and present

  solutions if there are really some of it. The major causes of this

  trends are believed twofold.

  In the first place, during the past few decades, people have

  been experiencing the sweeping trends of gender equality; this

  change enables most of the women to work and supervise, vote and be

  voted in most of the countries; not only their social position has

  been lifted up a lot, but because of the financial independency

  they have gotten, they become more confident in ** decision both in

  the workplace and in their families. Consequently, it brings more

  quarrel, as the dominant position of men has been shaken.

  In the second place, in the past few decades, people have also

  witnessed the overwhelming world-wide industrialization as well as

  the revolution of the information. These two primary changes bring

  devastating result to the original extended families. For one

  thing, families as a single work unite are no longer suits the need

  of the factories, as they are too large. For another, people do not

  need to rely on the elderly for skill learning as they can get

  almost everything they want to know from the information highway.

  Thus, the nuclear families appear.

  Before coming up with any possible solutions, I would like to

  get down to the fundamental and see whether we really need some

  solutions for this trends. Rather than considering this trends a

  disturbing issue, I would believe this trends itself, is already

  the solution to the causes I mentioned above. The transformation of

  the families from extended one to nuclear one necessarily provides

  the suitability and makes families better performed its functions

  to the society and to any individuals; however, when nuclear

  families are not capable enough coping with the problems brought by

  the trends of gender equality, it breaks into another form by

  performing divorce. Therefore, I personally believe that we have

  already had the solutions which are working well; thus, any extra

  effort on the seemingly harmony of the society and families is a

  waste of time.

  In conclusion, it seems the reasons for this trends are well

  clear thanks to the gender equality campaign and the global

  industrialization as well as information revolution. However, I

  believe that this phenomenon would remain almost the same condition

  for a period of time even if we look for extra methods to help it;

  as the society needs time to make adjustment to itself and this is

  an inevitable effort.

  相关内容:雅思听力中的规律总结

  雅思写作答题步骤解析

【听力备考】斩获雅思听力高分 必须牢记3大要素

【听力备考】斩获雅思听力高分 必须牢记3大要素图1

在复习雅思听力的过程中,我觉得做好听力有三个方面十分关键:

第一,做好听力词汇的总结。建议大家买本活页夹,每做完一个TEST后及时精听,比如今天我做的这个section是academic的场景,我就在这一页的开头写上学术类,然后把相关的vocabulary,phrase,collocation都记下来,然后下次碰到这个场景就仍记到这个场景下。大家可能觉得有些词汇书已经帮你总结好了,但是你觉得你的记忆效果又如何呢?反正我是觉得自己总结的东西真的是很难忘记,而且听力和口语是相通的,这些词汇经过自己的总结后可以成为口语的积极词汇,我记得考口语的时候我大脑中就不经意的蹦出了几个很好的短语,后来想想其实是自己听力总结的,有些事情就是在潜移默化中发生了。我觉得听力不是单纯地听,是听觉和你的词汇储备以及逻辑思维的碰撞,你大脑中对某个词有印象,你才有机会捕捉到它。
第二,预读。但是怎么预读大家可能还有疑惑,这里推荐一种方法:在第一个SECTION开始时有两分钟的读题和读例子的时间,这个黄金时间大家要充分利用,赶快读题,我一般能读到SECTION3的开头,特别填空题,至少预测到词性,理想的话预测得具体一点,比如人名还是数字,都可以写下来提醒自己,考场上的人是会变得很盲目的,预读时的笔记就是我们的导盲犬,当now we shall begin的声音响起时停止读题。然后在每个SETION结束后都会有检查的时间,这时千万不要检查,continue predicting from where you leaft off,每个seciton都采取这样的方式基本上是可以把所以的题目预读一遍的,当然阅读速度慢的烤鸭就要加油了。
第三,调整好心态。这个很重要,有几个原则大家注意,一个是听的时候要有张有弛,大脑的兴奋度是有时间限制的,虽然平时我提倡精听,但是做题时就得有选择地听了,答案与答案之间的衔接要听但是要求可以降低一点,听个大意就成,否则你会发现答案来的时候你的注意力会不自觉的分散。再一个是放弃原则,这个特别针对想考高分的烤鸭们,不追求完美收获的可能更多,这次我就是在SECTION4的时候有一个词没听到就跟自己较劲,结果出现了漏听的情况,实在划不来。
以上就是我的雅思听力复习经验分享,希望能够帮助的学员们更有效的学习和进步,最终取得理想的成绩。

【实战心得】详解GMAT语法必备应试技巧和注意事项

语法是英语的基础与组成核心,同样道理,GMAT语法也是GMAT考试的核心,贯穿了整个的考试内容。不过考生就GMAT语法题的复习还是有些疑惑,下面就为大家介绍GMAT语法改错题的应试技巧和备考注意事项。

【实战心得】详解GMAT语法必备应试技巧和注意事项图1

语法改错题应试技巧

1. 要仔细阅读全句,真正搞懂这句话所表达的真实含义和与下面几句选择的彼此关系。

2. 集中精力考虑划线部分,找出划线部分中的可能错误,然后通读下面的五个选项。

3.
认真阅读GMAT语法题的每一个选项。由于选项A总是与划线部分相同,因此可以跳过去。即使考生认为A是最为准确的答案,也不能过早下决断,一定要将其余四个选项阅读一遍,比较之后再下结论。

4.
无论原句的错误如何,一定要判别出每一个选择答案是否恰当。特别是要在全句是否清楚、语言和句法是否正确、语言的选择是否精简准确、词汇的选用是否贴切等方面多下功夫。

5. 将所选的答案替换划线部分,看在语法和语法结构上能否满足原句。

6. 如果划线部分没有任何错误或者选项(B)至(E)均不合适,那么正确答案肯定就是(A)。

【实战心得】详解GMAT语法必备应试技巧和注意事项图2

复习GMAT语法部分需要注意什么?

1.
首先,考生们必须掌握最基本的英语语法规则。这部分的知识与考生们初中高中所学习到的语法规则基本一致。比如主谓一致、时态、情态动词、虚拟语气等等。

2.
其次,要逐步掌握严格书面英语的规则。在复习过程之中,考生们会不断遇到跟原来所学的语法规则不太一样,甚至完全不一样的规律。比如,在标准书面英语当中,不会去用进行时表示将来发生的动作,而这个知识点在高中阶段经常被考查到。其实这个不同也很好理解,即我们平时学的只是语言的规则,而GMAT只是对我们要求的更为严格而已。

3.
再次,GMAT语法侧重考查对句式结构的理解。相反,国内语法考试更注重学生对具体规则的记忆以及运用。对国内考生而言,无从了解标准英语的规范是什么。所以最好的方法就是好好研读GMAT语法的题目,从而去进一步总结出什么样的表达、什么样的句式结构是GMAT考试认为更为优秀的结构。

4.
最后,就是多加练习、多加总结。只有在多练习、多总结的基础之上,才能真正理解GMAT考试对书面英语的严格要求。这也是整个GMAT备考阶段对所有考生最基本的要求。

以上就是关于GMAT语法改错题应试技巧和备考注意事项的一些介绍讲解??忌贕MAT语法的复习中一定要注重基础知识的积累和扎实,GMAT语法题中经?;峥吹蕉杂锓ɑ局兜目疾?,因此大家在这方面要注意一下。祝大家都能在考试中取得理想成绩。

TIPS:GMAT语法改错题介绍

GMAT语法改错题(Sentence
Correction)主要测试考生应用语言,特别是标准书面英语的能力。它不仅要求一句话在语法和句法上完全正确,而且要求这个语法简明扼要,而非含混不清。

GMAT语法太难?是用错复习方法!

GMAT备考:确认语法正确性的方法

【高分范文】2015雅思写作大作文9分范文参考(话题汇总)

【高分范文】2015雅思写作大作文9分范文参考(话题汇总)图1

今天小站为大家整理一些小站雅思大作文范例供考生参考学习,目的就在于让大家对这方面有一个了解甚至是掌握,如果大家能对此加深认识,想必一定会为您的雅思写作考试增分不少。以下是各话题汇总(类别),点击就可以获取9分范例。

job crime
smoking bar
map 动物/环境
媒体 科技
多元文化 犯罪类
职业/生活类 教育类
公共建筑/政府

【高分必备】名师为你带来GRE考试特点详细分析

GRE考试作为北美研究生入学考试,可以说是赴美读研相当重要的考试,它不同于其他的考试,难度也比较大。对于有志于出国读研的考生来说,大家尽量早早开始对GRE考试进行系统的复习准备。不过在准备之前,需要对GRE考试的特点有一个比较全面的了解,以便打下坚实的根基。下面小编为大家详细介绍GRE考试的特点。

【高分必备】名师为你带来GRE考试特点详细分析图1

GRE整体特点介绍

GER考试同托??际?/a>一样,由ETS负责,但它是北美研究生入学考试,而非专项的语言测试。对于申请赴美读研的考生来说,除了法律和工商类专业不需要考GRE以外,其他各个专业都需要GRE考试,只是不同专业侧重点可能会不同。另外,GRE考试的成绩高低可以被用来作为考生录取与否和是否能够提供奖学金的参考条件。

GRE考试的两种类型

GRE考试分为普通考试和专项考试,正如名师所言,“GRE
普通考试主要是为了考查考生对于一些基本知识掌握情况,衡量考生在后面的学习中是不是具备科研的能力,不涉及到具体的专 业知识考察。
GRE专项考试主要是为了考查测考生在某专业领域中的基础知识 掌握状况以及相关的学术研究能力,针对性较强。一般而言,如果学
生不属于跨专业考试或者学校没有明确要求的话,考生无须参加专项考试。 同学们一定要在备考期间了解gre考试有何特点?!?

【高分必备】名师为你带来GRE考试特点详细分析图2

GRE考试的优势和特点

GRE考试的优势和特点应该是很多同学关心的问题,首先就GRE考试本身来说,对考生是友好的,能够让考生选用自己的考试方式、考试策略等,而且在考分的寄送方面,官方也会提供很好的服务。整体来说,GRE考试是比较完善的考试,能够全方位检验考生的能力。

以上就是小编为大家总结的GRE考试特点啦,希望对大家有所帮助,取得理想的成绩!

2016GRE备考6大注意点 名师为你大揭秘

名师为你总结GRE考试需克服的6个弊端